Importer Help Antidumping Defense Group
cooperating independent lawyers and law firms
Importer Help

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about us

The Antidumping Defense Group formed to provide legal guidance to foreign producers, foreign exporters, and U.S. importers in antidumping proceedings in the United States.  We are a group of independent lawyers and law firms that cooperate to provide the same level of service any international trade group in a large law firm can, but with a cost efficiency they cannot match.

Moreover, the Antidumping Defense Group includes several former U.S. government officials who know the inner workings and personalities involved at all levels of antidumping and countervailing duty proceedings in the United States.  These former officials worked in the U.S. Department of Commerce, the U.S. International Trade Commission, and the U.S. Court of International Trade. 

Among members of the Antidumping Defense Group, we have over 75 years of collective experience in antidumping and countervailng duty matters, having participated in more than 100 antidumping and countervailing duty proceedings related to all industries and most countries, and more than 50 judicial appeals to the U.S. Court of International Trade, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and the Dispute Settlement Body of the World Trade Organization.

 Current Representation

We currently represent clients in proceedings under the following antidumping and countervailing duty orders and investigations:
Aluminum Extrusions from China
Carbon Steel Coil from India
Certain Lined Paper Products from India
Certain Pasta from Italy
Drill Pipe from China
Fresh Garlic from China
High Pressure Steel Cylinders from China
Honey from Argentina
Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products From India

New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires from China
Oil Country Tubular Goods from China
Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags from Thailand
Prestressed Concrete Wire Strand from China
Standard Steel Fasteners from China & Taiwan
Wooden Bedroom Furniture from China


Our combined 75+ years of experience includes proceedings under the following antidumping and countervailing duty orders and investigations and countries:


Aluminum Extrusions
Ammonium Nitrate
Anti-Friction Bearings
Aramid Fiber Formed of Poly Para-
     Phenylene Terephthalamide
Artist Canvas
Brake Rotors
Brass Sheet and Strip
Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod
Carbon Steel Flat Products
Cased Pencils
Cast Iron Pipe Fittings
Coated Free Sheet Paper
Color Negative Photographic Paper
Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel
     Flat Products
Cut-to-Length Carbon-Quality Steel
     Plate Products
Cut-to-Length Steel Plate
Fresh Garlic
Gray Portland Cement and Clinker
Hand Trucks
Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Coil
Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products
Hot-Rolled Flat-Rolled Carbon-
     Quality Steel Products
Industrial Nitrocellulose
Industrial Phosphoric Acid
Industrial Roller Chain
Iron Construction Castings
Ironing Tables
Kitchen Appliance Shelving & Racks
Knitted Sweaters

Leaded Bar
Lemon Juice
Lined Paper Products
Off-the-Road Pneumatic Tires
Oil Country Tubular Goods
Petroleum Wax Candles
Polyester Staple Fiber
Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags
Polyethylene Terephthalate Film Sheet
     and Strip
Silicon Metal
Sodium Nitrite
Solid Urea
Stainless Steel Bar
Stainless Steel Butt-Weld Pipe Fittings
Stainless Steel Plate
Stainless Steel Plate in Coils
Standard Steel Fasteners
Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars
Steel Nails
Steel Rails
Steel Wire Garment Hangers
Sulfanilic Acid
Tapered Roller Bearings
Welded Steel Pipe
Wooden Bedroom Furniture


New Zealand

Trinidad & Tobago
United Kingdom

 Strategy & Planning

Strategy:  We offer our clients first‑quality representation, both in the Department of Commerce dumping investigation and in the International Trade Commission's injury determination.  In a dumping case, each of those U.S. government agencies must make an affirmative determination in order for antidumping duties to be found.  First, the International Trade Commission must find that the imports have caused injury to the U.S. industry that produces the same product.  Second, the Department of Commerce must find that the exporters who it is investigating have sold product in the United States at unfairly low prices (dumped prices).  A dumping margin of less than 2 percent is considered to be the same as no dumping.  If either the International Trade Commission finds injury or the Department of Commerce finds dumping at below 2 percent, the case will terminate and no duties will be imposed.

International Trade Commission:  Foreign producers, foreign exporters, and U.S. importers may contest the existence of injury before the International Trade Commission (also called the ITC).  There are two phases to this inquiry, a very short preliminary phase followed by a more in-depth phase that takes place toward the end of the Commerce investigation.  The question of injury is examined by requesting questionnaire responses from U.S. and Chinese producers and exporters and from U.S. consumers and importers.  The questionnaires look at U.S. pricing trends, employment levels, market share, profitability, capacity utilization, and the like.  Parties may also discuss other public information that indicates the health of the U.S. industry and the impact of the imports.

All countries in the investigation are treated together for purposes of injury.  Thus Chinese companies normally participate in a joint representation with counsel for other companies and other countries in order to pool their resources in presenting a unified defense.

Department of Commerce:  There are two types of representations before the Department of Commerce, namely, for mandatory respondents and for separate rates companies in cases involving China or Vietnam. 

We are well-positioned to represent mandatory respondents.  We have done many antidumping investigations and administrative reviews, and can guide the company on how to report (1) the U.S. sales and expenses and (2) the domestic market sales and expense (or, in cases involving China or Vietnam, the manufacturer's factors of production).  Also for cases involving China and Vietnam, we are also well-acquainted with the Department of Commerce's surrogate sources and methodologies, and can challenge the surrogates where necessary. 

Most exporters will not be selected to participate in the investigation as mandatory respondents.  However, when a proceeding involves China or Vietnam, every exporter who wishes to continue to sell in the United States must submit a separate rates application.  We were involved in the very first proceeding under the new separate rates procedure.  We can readily identify the documents and other evidence needed to make a successful separate rates application and avoid the high China-wide or Vietnam-wide rate that will be imposed on companies that do not submit a successful application for separate rates.

Action Plan:  Upon being hired we will immediately undertake an on‑site visit by one of our lawyers to explain the process and begin preparations.  We would also immediately begin consultation in Washington D.C. with counsel for other companies and countries to plan for the joint ITC defense.  At this stage, it is not known who the mandatory respondents will be at the Department of Commerce.  If good export data is available it may be able to predict quite accurately who will be selected.  For all companies, we would begin to collect separate rates documents and prepare the separate rates application.  If a company has sufficient export quantity relative to the total U.S. export volume that it will likely be a mandatory respondent, then we would also begin main investigation preparation as well.  Once the mandatory companies are announced, we will assist non‑mandatory clients to plan strategically for the first review.

We have the expertise necessary to provide you with advice and guidance for your particular situation.  We will assist you in obtaining the lowest antidumping duties possible given your specific pricing and sales experience.  With the Antidumping Defense Group, you find expert assistance in U.S. antidumping proceedings, and cost effective antidumping strategies.